Introduction of ICT in the Republic of Tajikistan

Tajikistan has practically faced a tremendous changes in all fields of the life for the last 10 years.
The information and communication technologies (ICT) field has also changed. For example, while
one Internet service provider (ISP) and one mobile communication operator (MCO) worked in the
telecommunication market of Tajikistan at the end of 90s, there are more than 10 of ISPs as well as
MCOs now. Moreover, the technologies deployed by these operators are the most advanced.

The Government has also done a lot during this period. The ICT infrastructure has been radically
changed across the country. Large projects oriented on ICT integration in various fields of activities
of society have been implemented. However, there are different problems as well. The main
problem is lack of coordination of activities within the state agencies, between public and private
sectors. In this context, despite huge efforts of the top authority of the country there are not any
developed mechanisms of involvement of wide stratum of society for discussion while drafting
important strategical projects.

As it is known there are many different methods of countries e-readiness assessment. At the same
time, they aim on getting outcomes for various types of researches from micro level to more
detailed level. The present research is conducted based on the Guide for developing countries
designed by the Center for International Development at the Harvard University.
This methodology is designed for developing countries and considers specificity of those. It has 19
different categories of indicators that are distinguished into 5 groups. It has to be mentioned that
this method does not offer any approaches for further development. The methodology allows better
understanding of problems that hinder the development process.
The research helps to identify how far our society has gone in its development, to what extent has
ICT integrated in various fields of life, what are those factors that promote and hinder ICT further
development and how to use capacity of various technologies for development more effectively.
Regrettably, no official statistical data on ICT are available and evidence of its deployment in
various fields are few. To carry out this research, the authors had to collect data directly from the
public sector organisations, from open resources and other researches developed by other
organisations. When it was necessary sociological surveys were conducted as well.

It is very important that population census is planned in Tajikistan for autumn of this year. This
event creates opportunity for obtaining more detailed and complete statistical data on status and
usage of ICT in Tajikistan. Considering that similar events are conducted once in 10 years it is
necessary to negotiate with the State Committee on Statistics of the Republic of Tajikistan for
including ICT related questions into questionnaires.